Facial implants are specially formed solid materials compatible with human tissues, designed to enhance or augment the physical structure of your face.
The precise type and size of facial implants best suited for you requires an evaluation of your goals, the features you wish to correct, and your surgeon’s judgment.
If you are bothered by a small chin, weak jaw, or lack of facial contour, plastic surgery with facial implants may benefit you.
While any area of your face can be augmented with implants, the cheek or malar area, chin, and jaw are the most common sites for facial implants.
Chin implants can increase the size and projection of a chin that is not in proportion with the forehead and mid-face.
A small or recessed chin can also be described as one that seems to disappear into the neck of an individual of normal weight, rather than appearing as a distinct facial feature.
Jaw implants increase the width of the lower third of your face.
Much like the chin, a weak jaw can be thought of as one that is not well defined and distinct from the neck or one that slopes rather than angles from the ear to the chin.
In some cases, both the chin and jaw can contribute to facial imbalance.
Cheek implants increase the projection of the cheekbones. They add volume to areas that may be recessed or flat.
A facial implants procedure may include the following steps:
Medications are administered for your comfort during the surgical procedures. The options include intravenous sedation and general anesthesia.Your doctor will recommend the best option for you.
The specific area to be augmented in the cheek determines where an implant will be positioned on the cheekbone.
Cheek implants are most often placed through incisions in the mouth. When performed with other procedures, alternate incisions may be recommended including placement through an incision inside the lower eyelid or one within the hairline.
For a chin implant, the incision may be inside your mouth, along the crease that joins your lower lip and gums.
An incision just beneath the chin is an alternative.
Jaw implants are generally placed through the mouth with incisions inside the mouth, back along the jawline at the crease where the inside of your cheek and gums meet.
Your incisions will be closed with absorbable sutures or stitches that will be removed within one to two weeks following your surgery.
While the initial outcome of plastic surgery with facial implants is noticeable almost immediately, it will be obscured by visible swelling. It may take several months for swelling to fully dissipate.
The decision to have facial implant surgery is extremely personal, and you’ll have to decide if the benefits will achieve your goals and if the risks and potential complications of facial implants are acceptable.
You will be asked to sign consent forms to ensure that you fully understand the procedure and any risks and potential complications.
Facial implant surgery risks include:
- Unfavorable scarring
- Poor healing of incisions
- Anesthesia risks
- Change in skin sensation
- Damage to deeper structures – such as nerves, blood vessels, muscles, and lungs – can occur and may be temporary or permanent
- Allergies to tape, suture materials and glues, blood products, topical preparations, or injected agents
- Firmness around the implant
- Shifting of implants
- Skin contour irregularities
- Skin discoloration, swelling and sensitivity
- Persistent pain
- Possible revisional surgery