Overview of Prostate Cancer:
Prostate cancer has been described as a form of malignant tumor in men underneath and close to the rectum in the prostate. It allows the majority of the semen which lies behind the bladder and covers the top of the urethra, the tube that holds urine. Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer in men. Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control.
Sign and Symptoms of prostate cancer?
- Difficulty in starting of urination or emptying your bladder.
- Weak flow of urine.
- Pain on ejaculation.
- Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection.
- When prostate is enlarged, pain or discomfort when sitting.
- Weight loss.
- Back pain.
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis:
Several physical and clinical tests are done to diagnose prostate cancer. If patient have symptoms which indicate prostate cancer, doctor will ask about personal and family history. The test includes-blood Tests, DRE, PSA, urine test, Biopsy and other related test.
Prostate Cancer Types:
Prostate cancers are almost of adenocarcinomas. This type of cancer develops from gland cells.
Other type of prostate cancer includes:
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors
- Transitional cell carcinomas
Treatment of Prostate cancer:
After detailed diagnosis and test, doctor will recommend treatment plan for patient. Treatment for prostate cancer is depends upon various factors-stage of cancer, type of cancer, age, family history, health condition.
Main treatment plan for prostate cancer includes:
1. Surgery: In early stage of prostate cancer or benign type of cancer surgery is recommended-Transurethral Resection of Prostate-TURP, Radical (open) prostatectomy, Robotic or laparoscopic prostatectomy.
- A transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery to remove parts of the prostate gland through the penis.
- Radical prostatectomy is an operation to remove the prostate gland and tissues surrounding it. This usually includes the seminal vesicles and some nearby lymph nodes. Radical prostatectomy can cure prostate cancer in men whose cancer is limited to the prostate.
- In a Robotic prostatectomy procedure, doctor use a robotic arm for precision surgery.
2. Radiation Therapy: In this treatment high powered radiation beams are used to kill or to target cancer cells.
3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drug remove, kill, or damage cancer cells in a certain area, but chemo can work throughout the whole body.
4. Hormonal Therapy: Hormone therapy sometimes is recommended to stop production of male hormone testosterone. Prostate cancer cells rely on testosterone to help them grow.